RBI red-flags return of OPS in some states

NEW DELHI: The RBI on Monday red-flagged the return to the old pension scheme (OPS) by some states as a major concern on the sub-national fiscal horizon, while calling for

higher capital expenditure in sectors such as health, education, infra and green energy. "The annual saving in fiscal resources that this move entails is short-lived. By

postponing current expenses to the future, states risk accumulation of unfunded pension liabilities in the coming years," the RBI said on OPS in its latest report on state

finances. Several opposition-ruled states, including Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Punjab, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan have announced a return to the defined benefit scheme,

promising retired government employees 50% of the last pay drawn as the monthly pension. The move signals a reversal in the shift to the National Pension System, implemented by

the Manmohan Singh government in 2004, where government employees contribute 10% of salary with a matching contribution from employer. Several economists, including Singh's key

aide Montek Singh Ahluwalia, have criticised the move by the states. In several cases, the pension outgo is already high. 97055071 In the report, the RBI has noted

that improvement in the fiscal situation across states as well as a recognition of the off-budget borrowings, something that the Union finance ministry had taken up with the state

governments.